Diwali Festival with Ancient Hindu Tribes of Cholistan

November 5, 2018 cultural 1284

The festival of Diwali is celebrated by all the Hindus with a religious happiness and enthusiasm. The history of the festival is associated with the ancient folklores. According to hindu scripture during the ‘Treta yug’ (initial period of world) the king of Ayudhiya Raja Dashrath Ram sent his son Shri Ram for fourteen years exile in the jungle on saying of his youngest wife Rani Kekaai.

This is believed that during a war:

Rani Kekaai saved the life of King Dashrath Ram and then king Dashrath Ram gave her a vachan (promise) that she can demand anything at any time she will not be refused. The story shows that how Rani kekkai opposed the prince ship of Shri Ram and insisted King Dashrath Ram to send him to the jungle for exile because Ram’s step mother Rani Kekkai doesn’t want him as next king of sultanate.

 When Shri Ram who is supposed avatar of Vishnu Bhagwan sent to jungle for fourteen years exile his wife Sita and brother Laxman accompanied him for his services and hospitality. In the period of exile Sita was kidnapped by a Rakshas (Evil) and later released by Ram with the help of Hanuman (Monkey god).

According to Hindu scripture the fourteen years period of exile was so difficult and challenging for Shri Ram, Sita and Laxman but they survived with great patience. After the completion of fourteen years exile when Shri Ram came back to his kingdom then the people of his kingdom warmly welcomed him. This is believed that at that time the people of his kingdom came out from their houses and they lit the earthen lamps on his ways to say welcome to his loving prince of Ayudhyia.

The festivities of  Diwali starts one night earlier among the cholistani Hindu Tribes. At the night of Diwali the brightness of earthen lamps can be seen everywhere in desert, it creates a dramatic and inspiring scene in the desert. Most of the people of desert set the earthen lamps on their top of the roof’s wall which look so beautiful. Some of Cholistani Hindus also practice vart(fasting) for the blessing and prosperity.

At the night of Diwali the Bheels and Meghwals people come out from their houses in the form of mob/group with their handmade mashals. In this connection they take long sticks and tie a piece of cloth on the end of stick usually the piece of cloth is made wet with some oil for long lasting fire. Some of them fix the candles on the end of sticks. During the festivity they move street to street then to nearby temple or open desert by singing religious songs.

In the lights of Diwali every face looks so glowy and beautiful. After their festivities they fix their mashals around the temple or in open desert to say a warm welcome to Shri Ram G in his kingdom however the practice of Hindus who are residing in city areas can be differ. They prepare sweet dishes on the festival and avoid cooking meat on the festival.

Like other festivals the ancient Hindu tribes of Cholistan wear new clothes and exchange gifts with each other ,they distribute sweet dishes to the neighbors  they also invite each other to share joy and happiness. They feed each other on this event this is also observed that a guest cannot take food by his own hand rather they come one by one and feed the guest. In Megeal tribe they specify a place where every family sends some food and each member of every house participates in this feast. The lunch does not start even a single participant is reached there.

The brightness of earthen lamps shows the victory over darkness. The message of Diwali is actually to create harmony, tolerance, love, obedience and commitment. In this associated folklore it shows how a husband (king) was committed with a given vachan(promise)| to his wife. He completed his vachan and sent his son to jungle for fourteen years exile. Here the obedience of son is also remarkable who accepted the order of his father king and happily agreed to go to jungle for exile. Shri Ram did not argue with father or mother in this connection and did whatever is said to him. It shows that how faithful, loyal and obedient son he was.

The festival also shows the unconditional love of Ram’s brother Laxman and wife Sita who accompanied him in this hard time and remained there for his hospitality. His brother Laxman and wife Sita did not leave alone and supported him by all means which shows that how a brother or wife should be in the society and how can be they a good brothers or wives in present scenario. The great message of Diwali teaches the love, respect of elders and obedience.

 Happy Diwali !!!

Kashif Jamil | Ph.D Scholar

Joined: October 25, 2018

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