Minar-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مینارِ پاکستان) also referred to as "Tower of Pakistan" is a public and historical monument located in Iqbal Park which is one of the most important urban parks in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The tower was built throughout the 1960s on the location where, on 23 March 1940, the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Lahore), demanding the creation of Pakistan. this is often the first official call for a differentiate country for the Muslims living within the South Asia, as per the two country theory. Each year, Pakistan celebrates this day as a national holiday. The tower reflects a mixture of Mughal, Islamic and present day structural engineering. it's considered as the largest tower in Pakistan.
The monument attracts visitors from all over the Pakistan, also as the inhabitants of the Walled City of Lahore. the massive public space around the monument is usually used for political and public meetings, whereas Iqbal Park area is ever popular among kite-flyers.
Read More: Top 10 historical places in Pakistan
The tower was designed by Naseer-ud-Deen Murat Khan, a Pakistani architect of (Daghestan) Russian descent. the foundation stone was laid on March 23, 1960. the development took eight years of time, and was completed in 1968 at a price of PKR 500,000. Today, the minaret provides a bird's eye view to visitors who can climb up the steps or through an Elevator. The parks around the monument include marble fountains and an artificial lake.
The base is about 2 meters above the ground. The tower rises about 60 meters on the bottom , thus the entire height of minaret is about 62 meters above the bottom . The unfolding petals of the flower-like base are 9 meters high. The diameter of the tower is about 97.5 meters (320 feet). the base platform is formed like a five-pointed star and encloses two crescent shaped pools. there's a central spiral staircase rising up with 162 steps. The top-dome of the minaret is formed of stainless steel inlaid with fine glass pieces.
Read More: Noor Mahal of Bahawalpur
The structure is formed of reinforced concrete, stones, and marble. the rostrum is made of patterned tiles, and faces the Badshahi Mosque. the base comprises four platforms. To symbolise humble beginnings of the liberty struggle, first platform is made with uncut Taxila stones, second platform is formed of hammer-dressed stones, whereas third platform is of chiselled stones. Polished white marble at the fourth and final platform depicts the success of the Pakistan Movement
At the bottom , there are floral inscriptions on ten converging white marble Commemorative plaques. The incriptions include the text of Lahore Resolution in Urdu, Bengali and English, and Delhi Resolution’s text, which was passed on April 9, 1946. On different plaques, Quranic verses and 99 attributes of God are inscribed in Arabic calligraphy, whereas national anthem of Pakistan in Urdu and Bengali, excerpts from the speeches of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in Urdu, Bengali and English, also as few couplets of Allama Iqbal are inscribed.